Retirement: A chance to share gratitude, advice, regrets from my time at NIA
Years ago, when my oldest child was getting ready to leave for college, I was enjoying some family time with him and his two younger siblings, and wistfully said, “There are so many things I should have told you and so much good advice I would have given you, but now you’re leaving and I won’t have the chance.” To our surprise, our youngest piped up, “Yeah, me too!”
Now I’m about to retire from federal service, and fortunately my friends who manage this blog gave me a chance to offer some appreciation and advice while I’m still “Inside NIA.”
First, thanks to all of you for your essential contributions that make the NIH system work. Throughout my service, it has been deeply gratifying to see the care, thought and time that researchers provide, helping us to review applications, serving on advisory committees including the NIA council, and participating in workshops that we or the National Academies organized to inform our work. We all learned a lot from these discussions.
Next, I must express my appreciation for your research. Demographers have predicted the aging of the population quite accurately since the 1930s. We are now right in the middle of the big run-up of the oldest-old population — those in their 80s and 90s — to whom my predecessor Richard Suzman called the attention of researchers and policy makers.
Our readiness for aging, both as families and as a society, is due in large part to the contributions of researchers in the behavioral and social sciences who have done so much to overturn stereotypes and point out opportunities. An earlier director of DBSR, Matilda White Riley, developed the concept of “structural lag,” the tendency of institutions and policies developed under one demographic regime to persist into a changed situation to which they are no longer well adapted. We urgently need to reduce this lag to adapt to a new society, with more retirees, older workers, older taxpayers, older patients….older everyone.
Some advice: Please connect with your program officers — you might check some of my earlier posts for ideas on how to do that efficiently! They are public servants who are here to serve. Also, please consider public service at NIH as part of your own scientific career. NIH, and NIA in particular, is comprised of a great group of people using their training and experience to advance an important mission: “Turning discovery into health.”
One regret: In recent years in the U.S., our discoveries are too often not bringing broader, better health. During my 16 years at NIA, U.S. life expectancy at birth improved by just one year and life expectancy at age 65 improved by a shade more than one year. In 2004, the U.S. tied on both measures with Portugal, a much poorer country, yet Portugal has gained more than four years of life expectancy since.
“Life expectancy” is a sort of average of death rates at all ages; the extra time is not tacked on at the end like injury time in soccer. If we could only keep up with Portugal (and Korea, Slovenia, Chile, the United Kingdom, etc.), Americans would have lower mortality rates — better health — at every age. For Americans without college degrees, members of racial minorities, and those living in Appalachia and nonmetropolitan areas, the score is even worse. We know something of the reasons, and something about what to do, but we need both to learn more and to act on what we already know.
As I say farewell, I now get to participate more intensively in many of the roles I have been reading about in NIA-funded research: grandparenting, working in “bridge jobs,” civic engagement and volunteering. I feel very lucky to have worked at NIA and with so many of you. Best wishes to all for a happy holiday season, and thank you again for the many good memories!
Stay tuned for an early 2020 blog from Dr. Haaga's successor.