We have a budget for FY 2019!
Amid all the news coming out of Washington these days, you may have heard that, for the first time in decades, a portion of the Federal budget was passed by Congress and signed into law by the President at the beginning of the 2019 fiscal year. This partial budget provides funding for the Department of Health and Human Services, including NIH. Rather than following the pattern of previous years, when final budgets were not in place until halfway through the year, this year we will be able to plan earlier how, when, and where to best invest NIA research dollars.
The total NIH appropriation for FY 2019 is $39 billion; NIA’s portion is $3.08 billion—tripling our total budget since FY 2013 (see graph). This year’s NIA budget includes an increase of $84 million in our general appropriation and an additional $425 million designated for Alzheimer’s and related dementias research. NIA funding for non-Alzheimer’s research has continued to increase at a rate comparable to overall increases in the NIH budget.
We are deeply grateful to the Congress and to the U.S. taxpayers for recognizing and supporting continued biomedical research and in particular, research on aging and Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.
Fiscal Years 2013-2019
(Dollars in millions)
Unprecedented increases in Alzheimer’s and related dementias funding
While NIH leadership has been committed to the study of Alzheimer’s and related dementias—including the development and testing of therapies—for many decades, Congress recognized several years ago that the magnitude of this public health crisis warranted a deeper level of investment. Over the past seven years, the aggressive research goals outlined in the National Alzheimer’s Project Act and National Plan were supported with major infusions of funding. The biggest increases in funding directed at Alzheimer’s and related dementias came from Congress in the last four fiscal years: additional appropriations in FY 2016 reached $350 million; in FY 2017, $400 million; in FY 2018, $414 million; and this year’s additional funding of $425 million. Overall, between FY 2014 and 2019, NIA funding increases for Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias research totaled $1.7 billion. NIH FY 2018 spending on Alzheimer’s and related dementias research is estimated at $1.9 billion; the enacted FY 2019 budget targets an additional $425 million.
This influx of funds has not only provided us with the ability to dramatically expand our Alzheimer’s and related dementias research portfolio, but also to expand funding lines for aging research projects.
One of the most exciting developments has been our ability to attract new scientists to the field. Between 2015 and 2018, 35 percent of the R01 equivalent awards in Alzheimer’s and related dementias went to investigators who are new to this field. In addition, quite encouragingly, 25 percent of those who received these awards were new or early-stage investigators. As early career investigators, they typically enjoy a 3- to 6-percentile advantage in the pay line. And, importantly, they represent new blood and new minds in the community of researchers focusing on Alzheimer’s and related dementias.
In another effort designed to recruit new researchers and new ideas to Alzheimer’s research, we conducted a pilot experiment in FY 2017. We invited applications for administrative supplements from the National Institute on Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, supplements that were relevant to Alzheimer’s and other dementias, but were supplements to grants that were not themselves Alzheimer’s or dementia research. In FY 2018, we expanded the program to include 25 NIH Institutes and Centers which encouraged their grantees to pursue Alzheimer’s and related dementias investigations. In FY 2018, we awarded approximately 300 supplements through this strategy.
We’ve also been able to expand the infrastructure of research resources. We have expanded databases and biobanks and created new sources for Alzheimer’s and related dementias research that can be used by almost anyone involved in these projects. From imaging to genetics to drug development to biospecimens, we have extensive resources for you to explore.
More time leads to more research
Because we now have our budget allocation at the beginning of the fiscal year, we expect to award more grants earlier than in the past. We have not yet calculated our pay lines for FY 2019 but expect to do so fairly soon. We will continue to have separate funding lines for Alzheimer’s and non-Alzheimer’s projects. As usual, we will start the year conservatively with lower pay lines, but in contrast to past years, these will be based on a known total appropriation. As we move into the winter and spring, we hope to be able to increase these initial funding lines.
On behalf of NIA, I’d again like to express my sincere appreciation to the Congress and taxpayers for the historic, groundbreaking support we’ve received in the last six years. Our deep appreciation also goes out to the Alzheimer’s and aging community for their tireless advocacy, understanding and support toward meeting our goals of enhancing aging research and the national goal to stop Alzheimer’s disease by 2025.