Ethics of Payments to Research Participants (three articles)
Two articles and an editorial address the question of whether paying research participants could be considered coercive. The first article notes concerns about risks, consent, and exploitation. The second article examines coercion as subjection, in which someone’s interests can be partially set back in virtue of being subject to another’s foreign will. The editorial weighs the arguments and views participation as work that should be fairly compensated.
Malmqvist E. “Paid to endure”: Paid research participation, passivity, and the goods of work. American Journal of Bioethics 2019;19(9):11-20.
Millum J & Garnett M. How payment for research participation can be coercive. American Journal of Bioethics 2019;19(9):21-31.
Largent EA, Emanuel EJ, Lynch HF. Filthy lucre or fitting offer? Understanding worries about payments to research participants. American Journal of Bioethics 2019;19(9):1-4.