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Division Announcements

Funding Opportunity Announcement: SOBC–Use-inspired Basic Research to Optimize Behavior Change Interventions and Outcomes

The Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) Use-Inspired Basic Research to Optimize Behavior Change Intervention and Outcomes initiative is funded through the NIH Common Fund, which supports cross-cutting programs that are expected to have exceptionally high impact. All Common Fund initiatives invite investigators to develop bold, innovative, and often risky approaches to address problems that may seem intractable or to seize new opportunities that offer the potential for rapid progress. The NIH SOBC Common Fund Program announces the availability of administrative supplements to support research that informs the foundation of an experimental medicine approach to behavior change. The SOBC Program seeks to accelerate investigations of common mechanisms of behavior change applicable across a broad range of health behaviors, including medical regimen adherence. Medical regimen adherence is defined as adherence to prescription medications, screenings, immunizations, behavioral regimens, etc., prescribed by a health professional or emanating from a health authority, such as guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The overarching goal of this FOA is to test how and why behavior change interventions produce and sustain desired outcomes when implemented in experimental, clinical, community, or population-level settings. Research supported through this FOA should aim to study putative targets/mechanisms of action that are critical to the efficacy and effectiveness of behavioral and social interventions to produce and, as feasible, sustain desired change(s) in health behavior(s), including medical regimen adherence. Research encouraged from this announcement is intended to support target validation, assay research, and development activities within three broad domains of self-regulation, stress reactivity and stress resilience, and, interpersonal and social processes. The ultimate aim of this initiative is to generate use-inspired knowledge that, when applied, will maximize the potency and/or efficiency of behavior change interventions for delivery in non-research/real world settings with representative populations. Administrative supplement applications to meet increased costs that are within scope of the approved and funded parent award and responsive to the specific research objectives of the SOBC Program may be submitted to this FOA. All applicants are encouraged to discuss potential applications with the Program Officer named in the Notice of Award of the parent award and one of the SOBC Scientific/Research representatives listed in this FOA. For additional information, please visit the NIH Guide.