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Health Information

A Good Night's Sleep

Learn about insomnia, sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, and other sleep disorders. Get tips on how to fall asleep and sleep better.
Alarm clock on a bed

About the ADEAR Center

Find out how the Alzheimer's and related Dementias Education and Referral (ADEAR) Center can help you with answers and resources.
ADEAR  (Alzheimer's and related Dementias Education And Referral Center) logo

Aging and Your Eyes

Protect your vision and eye health as you age. Learn about glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, detached retina, and other problems.
Older Asian man during an eye exam

Aging in Place: Growing Old at Home

Many older adults want to stay in their homes as they age. Get tips on planning ahead to stay in your home and ways to find the services you need.
Older woman and her caregiver giving her a meal

Alcohol and Medicines

Many medicines can be dangerous or even deadly when mixed with alcohol. Learn about problems caused by mixing alcohol with some medications.
Older hands holding a pill box

Alzheimer's Disease Diagnostic Guidelines

In 2011, clinical diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer’s disease dementia were revised, and research guidelines for earlier stages of the disease were characterized to reflect a deeper understanding of the disorder. Read more about the updated criteria.

Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet

Get the facts about Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia in older adults. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and caregiving.
Animation showing an older man's brain

Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Fact Sheet

Read about the genetics of Alzheimer's disease and related research. A genetic mutation can cause early-onset Alzheimer's. Genetic variants influence disease risk.
Cell with nucleus, 23 pairs of chromosomes, genes, DNA strand labeled

Alzheimer's Disease in People with Down Syndrome

Many, but not all, people with Down syndrome develop Alzheimer's disease when they get older. Learn about the connection between the two and how to participate in research studies exploring this relationship.
Middle aged adult with Down Syndrome

Assessing Changes in Memory and Function

When visiting an aging relative, you might notice they have more memory problems than last time. Find info to help you assess changes in memory and cognition.
Older man and his daughter looking sad

Assessing Risk for Alzheimer's Disease

A family health history can help you and your doctor know if Alzheimer's disease runs in your family. Learn about genetic and other risks for early- and late-onset Alzheimer's.
African-american family

Balance Problems and Disorders

What causes lack of balance? Learn about balance problems and disorders, symptoms—such as dizziness, vertigo, and lightheadedness—and treatment options.
Older woman using a walker on a sidewalk

Bladder Health for Older Adults

Common bladder problems in older adults include urinary tract infections (UTIs), urinary incontinence, and bladder cancer. Learn about the signs and causes.
Older hispanic woman smiling

Brain Donation Resources for ADCs

Alzheimer’s research depends on volunteer brain donors. Customize and use these resources on brain donation in your Alzheimer’s Disease Center.

Brain Health Resource

Use this toolkit at senior centers and other community settings to educate older adults about factors that impact brain health and how to keep their brains healthy.
Image of a brain

Causes of Frontotemporal Disorders

What causes frontotemporal disorders? In most cases, we don’t know. In other cases, gene mutations lead to this early-onset brain disease. Learn more from NIH.
brain scans

Choosing a Nursing Home

If you're considering nursing homes or assisted living facilities, read about things to consider and questions to ask.
Older woman in a nursing home with a care provider's hand on her shoulder

Cognitive Health and Older Adults

Curious about your cognitive health? See what steps you can take to help care for your brain, including physical and mental health.
Asian Indian and East Asian women laughing

Cognitive Health Resources

Find resources from NIA and others to help family and friends learn more about cognitive health. Topics include dementia, exercise, and nutrition.
Asian couple looking at cognitive health resources on a computer

Concerned About Constipation?

Could you be constipated? Find out about possible causes, such as diet, exercise, and medications, and treatment for constipation.
Older man eating a high fiber bowl of fruit

DASH Eating Plan

Studies have shown that following the DASH diet can lower high blood pressure, or hypertension. Read about healthy eating and diet tips from the DASH plan.
Quinoa salad with black beans and vegetables

Depression and Older Adults

Depression, a common mood disorder, is not a normal part of aging. Learn more about symptoms, causes, and treatment of major depression and other types.
Older woman with depression looking out a window

Diabetes in Older People

Learn how to tell if you have diabetes, steps to take if you have prediabetes, and tips to control blood glucose levels and stay healthy.
Hispanic couple exercising in a park

Diagnosing Dementia

Doctors diagnose dementia—including Alzheimer disease, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia—with brain scans and other tests.
Doctor studying brain scans

Diagnosing Frontotemporal Disorders

Find out how a doctor diagnoses frontotemporal dementia and related disorders. Get a list of medical centers where you can get an FTD diagnosis.
Doctor discussing frontotemporal disorders with an older woman

Diagnosing Lewy Body Dementia

Lewy body dementia is often misdiagnosed as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. See a doctor to find out what’s causing your symptoms and get the right treatment.
Female doctor talking to an older couple about lewy body dementia

Dietary Supplements

Find information about dietary supplements—what they are, if you should take them, types of supplements available, and if they're safe for older adults.
Various dietary supplement pills

Do Memory Problems Always Mean Alzheimer's Disease?

Learn how to tell the difference between normal age-related memory loss and signs of a more serious problem like mild cognitive impairment or dementia. Sometimes, forgetfulness is caused by a treatable health condition.
Indian couple sitting on a sofa.

Elder Abuse

Learn about elder abuse, including physical, emotional, and financial abuse. Identify signs of abuse, neglect, healthcare fraud, and how to get help.
Older man looking sad

Encouraging Wellness in Older Patients

Older adults may have challenges with exercising regularly and eating well. Learn how to encourage physical activity and healthy diets for older patients.
Older woman doing water aerobics

Facts About Aging and Alcohol

Alcohol may act differently in older people. Learn how heavy drinking can cause health problems, make some health problems worse, and affect safety.
Close up of older woman

Fall-Proofing Your Home

Explore these home safety tips to prevent falls, including simple changes in your living areas, personal and lifestyle changes, and home improvements.
Fall hazards in the home, including a scatter rug, dog, and empty slippers

Fatigue in Older Adults

Always tired? Read about the causes of fatigue (like illness and certain medications), and learn about chronic fatigue syndrome and its symptoms.
Older man experiencing fatigue

Food Safety

Practice food safety to avoid getting sick from your food. When cooking—clean, separate, cook, chill. Learn how.
Eggs with a sticky note saying "Food Safety" on top

Getting Enough Fluids

Drinking enough fluids helps you digest food, absorb nutrients, and get rid of waste. Read these tips to help you get enough fluids.
Grandmother drinking water with her grandson

Getting Help for Alcohol Problems

If you need to stop drinking due to health problems or medicines you take, use these resources and helpful tips on how to cut back or stop drinking.
Older man discussing alcohol problems with his therapist

Getting Help for Your Grief

Mourning someone close to you can leave you lost, sad, or angry. Get help for your grief and loss through grief counseling and support groups.
Dog laying beside empty chair, walker, and slippers

Getting Your Affairs in Order

Get organized before a medical emergency! Use this list to get your legal and financial papers in order, and learn about advance directives, wills, and trusts.
Older man getting help filling out legal and financial paperwork

Healthy Eating and Alzheimer's Disease

Healthy foods like fruit and vegetables can help people with Alzheimer's dementia. Get tips to maintain health and weight and keep a cooking routine.
bag of healthy groceries

Heart Health

Read about changes to the heart and blood vessels that occur as people age. Learn how to know if you are having a heart attack and how to prevent heart disease through lifestyle changes.
Two older women walking in a park for exercise

High Blood Pressure

Read about high blood pressure or hypertension. Learn how changes in lifestyle—like getting more exercise and having less salt—may help control it.
Older man getting blood pressure taken by a nurse

HIV, AIDS, and Older People

Read about HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS in older people. Learn how people get AIDS, what are the symptoms, and if there is a cure.
Female African-American doctor talking about HIV/AIDS

Home Safety and Alzheimer's Disease

Get home safety tips for a person with Alzheimer's or a related dementia. Learn about home safety products, potential dangers, injury and fall prevention, and more.
Shower chair and bathroom grab bars

Hot Flashes: What Can I Do?

Hot flashes may be mild or very disruptive. Lifestyle changes can help. Read about some treatment options.
illustration of a woman in the rain under an umbrella

Hot Weather Safety for Older Adults

Learn about heat-related illnesses—hyperthermia (e.g., heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, and more)—and seek help for symptoms of heat stroke.
Older African-American man drinking water on a hot day

How Is Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosed?

Doctors can diagnose "possible Alzheimer's dementia," "probable Alzheimer's dementia," or some other problem causing memory complaints. Learn about the benefits of early diagnosis.
Doctor studying brain scans

How Is Alzheimer's Disease Treated?

Learn about prescription drugs and other strategies to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Find out about medicines to avoid and take with caution.
Older woman and her doctor having a serious conversation

How the Aging Brain Affects Thinking

As people age, the brain naturally changes, affecting memory, learning, and other cognitive functions. Get information about these changes and what they mean.
3 older men playing chess in the park

Know Your Food Groups

Food groups include grains, proteins, fruits, vegetables, dairy, oils, and solid fats and added sugars. Learn about each group.
Bibimbop brown rice bowl

Lewy Body Dementia Research

Research on Lewy body dementia seeks deeper understanding of this brain disease and how it relates to related types of dementia. Learn how to get involved.
Researcher next to lab equipment

Maintaining a Healthy Weight

Balancing calories in and calories out is key to maintaining a healthy weight. Learn how physical activity and healthy eating can help.
Unused bathroom scale

Making Decisions with Your Doctor

Work with your doctor to make important decisions about your health. Discuss different treatment options and learn how to prevent disease.
Nurse and patient making medical decisions

Medicines: Common Questions Answered

Get answers to frequently asked questions about medications and older adults, including information on safety, side effects, and talking to your doctor.
Older man talking to pharmacist about medicine

Mourning the Death of a Spouse

Get help for your grief after the death of a spouse. Read about bereavement counseling, support groups, and how to get on with life without your partner.
Older man mourning the death of a spouse

Obtaining an Older Patient's Medical History

Learn how to obtain a medical history of an older patient, including important information about current and past concerns, family history, medications, and socioeconomic situation.
Older man talking to his doctor about his medical history

Older Drivers

Use these driving tips to stay safe as an older driver. Learn how aging affects driving and know when it's time to stop.
Older man driving a car


Learn about symptoms and treatment for osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative joint disease, and the most commonly affected areas, such as knees and hips.
Hands of an older adult with arthritis


Learn about osteoporosis—a disease that weakens bones—including risk factors, early signs and osteopenia, bone density testing, treatment, and prevention.
Older woman doing resistance exercises

Pain: You Can Get Help

Learn how to manage chronic, acute, and breakthrough pain with exercise, complementary and alternative medicine, or help from a pain specialist.
Older African-American woman discussing pain with her doctor

Parkinson's Disease

What is Parkinson’s disease? Learn about causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of this brain disorder.
Older woman and her caregiver

Paying for Care

How do people pay for long-term care? Learn about payment sources, including government programs, long-term care insurance, and other financing options.
Older woman and her daughter going over long term care  finances

Planning for Long-Term Care

Long-term care could mean staying in your home—aging in place—or considering a nursing home, other facility, or hospice care. Learn how you can be prepared.
Older man writing down long term care plans

Prevent Falls and Fractures

Do you have a fear of falling? Find tips on fall prevention, how to avoid tripping and slipping, and ways to lower your chances of getting a fracture.
Older man using a walker to prevent falls

Prostate Problems

Read about men's health and prostate problems, like prostate cancer and BPH. Learn about common symptoms of prostate problems and who needs annual PSA testing.
Man reading about prostate problems.

Quitting Smoking for Older Adults

Stop smoking now to lower your risk of pneumonia, bronchitis, cancer, heart attack, stroke, influenza, and emphysema. Get tips to quit and feel better!
Today: Quit Smoking

Reading Food Labels

Reading food labels can help you make smart food choices. Learn how to read and understand the product date, ingredients list, and nutrition facts label.
Samples of food labels

Registries and Matching Services

How can you help Alzheimer’s and other dementia/brain research? Join a registry or matching service. NIH and others match volunteers with clinical studies.
Older woman looking at clinical trials information online with her doctor

Rehabilitation After Stroke

Stroke is the top cause of serious adult disability in the U.S. Learn about the causes of stroke and how you can lower your risk.
Older man on exercise equipment with a trainer

Risks to Cognitive Health

Did you know that stroke and other health problems can harm cognitive functions? So can certain medicines. Find out more about risks to thinking well.
Risks to cognitive health including a cigarette in an ashtray, potato chips, and beer

Saving Money on Medicines

Explore ways to save money on prescription drugs, including generic options, insurance drug plans, Medicare prescription drug plans, and assistance programs.
Older woman talking to her doctor about saving money on medicines

Sexuality in Later Life

Learn how to have a healthy, safe sex life as you age and about sexuality issues like erectile dysfunction, changes to your libido, and avoiding STDs.
Older couple hugging on a bench

Sharing Caregiving Responsibilities

Caring for a parent or another older relative or friend often requires teamwork. Learn how to work effectively to ensure good care and support caregiver health.
Indian man with his 2 children and 2 grandchildren


Learn about shingles and the varicella zoster virus, tips on how to treat post-herpetic neuralgia, and if you should get the shingles vaccine.
Chart reading "Diagnosis: Shingles"

Shopping for Food That's Good for You

Eating healthy food on a budget starts with the right grocery list! These tips can help older people shop for nutritious food, even on a fixed income.
Older man choosing leafy green vegetables at the grocery store

Shots for Safety

Read about shots for shingles, pneumonia, flu (influenza), tetanus, diphtheria, MMR, and other diseases. Learn how these vaccines can keep you well.
Older African-American couple discussion vaccinations with their doctor

Skin Care and Aging

Learn how your skin changes with age; fight wrinkles, liver spots, and dry skin; and use these tips to protect yourself from skin cancer.
Older woman with healthy aging skin

Smart Food Choices for Healthy Aging

Make smart food choices—like choosing nutrient-dense foods over calorie-dense ones—for healthy aging. Learn how small substitutions can make a big difference.
Chicken noodle soup


Know the symptoms of a stroke and when to call 911 right away. Learn about ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, TIA, or mini-strokes, and risk factors for stroke.
Older man in wheelchair and his caregiver hugging

Symptoms of Frontotemporal Disorders

Possible symptoms of frontotemporal disorders include behavior problems, language symptoms like aphasia, emotional troubles, and movement changes.
Older woman having difficulty writing

Symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia

Do you know the symptoms of Lewy body dementia? They may include cognitive and mood changes, Parkinson symptoms, sleep disorders, and hallucinations.
Older man in a wheelchair with his wife

Tips for Coping with Sundowning

Get tips for coping with sundowning—restlessness or agitation in the late afternoon and early evening in a person with Alzheimer's.
Woman with Alzheimer's experiencing sundowning

Tracking Your Medications: Worksheet

Use this worksheet to track your medications, including prescriptions, over-the-counter drugs, and dietary supplements. Make a copy to take to doctor’s visits.
Illustration of medication bottle and pills

Types of Dementia

Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia. Learn about other dementias, including Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal disorders, vascular dementia, and mixed dementia.
Hispanic man with dementia sitting in a park

Types of Frontotemporal Disorders

Read about types of FTD. One type involves changes in personality, behavior, and judgment. Primary progressive aphasia affects language and PSP, movement.
older couple hugging

Types of Lewy Body Dementia

Did you know Lewy body dementia has two types? Dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson’s disease dementia differ in the order of cognitive and movement symptoms.
Older woman with glasses

Understanding Lung Problems

Find out about pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, lung cancer, and other diseases of the lungs. Learn about cough or symptoms when you breathe.
Older man doing a breathing test

Understanding Older Patients

Use these tips to communicate with older patients in ways that are respectful and effective for information exchange.
Older woman talking to her doctor

Urinary Incontinence in Older Adults

Read about types of urinary incontinence and common causes, and get tips for bladder control, treatment, and managing urinary incontinence in older adults.
Restroom sign for both men and women

USDA Food Patterns

The USDA Food Patterns can help you keep an eye on the calories you eat. For a balanced diet, choose healthy foods from five major food groups.
2 forks- one with lettuce, cheese and tomato; one with steak and herbs

Vitamins and Minerals

Older adults may have different vitamin and mineral needs than younger adults. Find recommended amounts and information on calcium, sodium, vitamin D, and more.
Variety of vitamins in a person's hand.

What Are Clinical Trials and Studies?

Interested in clinical research? Learn about the difference between clinical studies and clinical trials, and the phases of clinical trials for FDA approval.
Female researcher looking at a brain scan

What Are Frontotemporal Disorders?

A type of dementia called FTD tends to strike before age 65 and stems from damage to the brain’s frontal lobe and temporal lobe. Learn more about FTD and brain changes from NIH.
Older Asian couple

What Causes Alzheimer's Disease?

A combination of age-related brain changes, genetics, and factors related to health, environment, and lifestyle may play a role in the development and course of Alzheimer's disease. Get more information.
Genes in a cell, with one gene magnified to show chromosomes, and then one portion of the chromosome magnified to show the double helix of the D N A..

What Causes Lewy Body Dementia?

Learn about causes and risk factors for Lewy body dementia. They include an accumulation of Lewy bodies in the brain, age, Parkinson’s disease, and genetics.
Grandfather playing cards

What Happens When Someone Dies?

What can you expect to happen when someone is dying? Read about dyspnea and other symptoms people experience in the last days of life.
Cards in a hospital room saying "I love Grandma"

What Is a Geriatric Care Manager?

A geriatric care manager can help you and your family identify caregiving needs and ways to meet them. Learn about the services they provide, and questions to ask during an interview.
Caregiver holding an older woman's hands.

What Is Alzheimer's Disease?

Learn about Alzheimer's, a brain disease that causes memory loss and other cognitive impairment. It's the most common cause of dementia in older adults.
Older woman with Alzheimer's looking out a window

What Is Dementia?

Dementia is a loss of thinking, remembering, and reasoning skills that interferes with a person’s daily life and activities. While dementia is more common with advanced age, it is not a normal part of aging. Learn why.
Older woman with glasses wearing a sari

What Is End-of-Life Care?

Caregivers: Learn about palliative care, hospice, advance directives, and how to care for people you love when they near the end of their lives.
Photo album and glasses on a hospital bed

What Is Lewy Body Dementia?

What is Lewy body dementia (Lewy body disease)? It is a brain disorder, different from Alzheimer’s, that causes changes in thinking and movement.
Older woman looking serious

What Is Long-Term Care?

It's difficult to predict how much and what type of long-term care you or your family members will need. Be prepared with this guide to long-term care.
Professional caregiver helping an older woman using a walker

What Is Menopause?

Menopause affects every woman differently. Learn about the changes happening in your body as you go through the menopausal transition.
Illustration of a woman swimming

What Is Mild Cognitive Impairment?

Learn about mild cognitive impairment (MCI), in which people have more memory problems than normal for people their age., and when it might be time to see a doctor.
Calendar resting on a table

What Is Mixed Dementia?

Read about mixed dementia, a combination of two or more disorders. For example, older adults with dementia may have Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia.
Older woman with mixed dementia

What Is Respite Care?

Respite care can provide relief for family caregivers. Learn about how respite care could help your family, and find resources to connect with services.
Older man with a cane walking with his caregiver from the grocery store

What Is Vascular Dementia?

Vascular dementia differs from Alzheimer’s disease in that it is caused by stroke. Learn about types of vascular dementia as well as treatment.
Serious older woman

What to Do After Someone Dies

What do you need to do after someone you love dies? Learn about who signs the death certificate, organ donation, and whether you need an autopsy.
Dandelion blowing in the wind

When Does Drinking Become a Problem?

Find out how to know when drinking may be a problem, factors that may contribute to a drinking problem in older adults, and reasons to stop drinking.
Older man talking to his doctor about alcohol

When It's Time to Leave Home

Has living at home become more challenging for your older family member? Learn about what to consider when helping them decide whether it's time to move.
Asian woman having a serious talk with her father

Where Can I Get End-of-Life Care?

There’s no right place to die. Caregivers should consider the best option for their situation: home, hospital, nursing home, or another place.
blanket on the end of an empty hospital bed

Why Are Placebos Important?

In undertaking a clinical trial, researchers don’t want to leave anything to chance. The “gold standard” for testing interventions in people is the “randomized, placebo-controlled” clinical trial.
doctor and older woman

Working with Diverse Older Patients

Learn how understanding the traditions of different cultures among older patients and providing interpretation for those with limited English can help promote good health care.
Hispanic man smiling at a doctor

Zika Virus and Older Adults

Should older adults worry about Zika virus? Find out more about Zika symptoms and treatment, how to lower your risk, and how Zika may affect you.
Zike virus and older adults - what you need to know. Mosquito.