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How To Help Someone You Know Who Drinks too Much

Follow these tips for helping a family member or friend whose alcohol use is affecting their health or relationships.

Alcohol tolerance can change with age. As people grow older, they may find that the effects of the same amount of alcohol they consumed when younger now have a more dramatic impact. Older adults also tend to take more medications, some of which can boost the effect of alcohol and cause other harmful interactions. Major life changes or health issues can lead to alcohol misuse or alcohol use disorder.

Father with arms around his wife and daughter

Alcohol misuse often affects more than just one person. It can also cause stress and worry for friends and family. It can be difficult to communicate your concerns and find ways to help a loved one cut back or quit drinking. Following are suggestions on how to approach the topic, offer to help, and take care of yourself.

Step 1: Talk

  • Talk about your worries when the person is sober. Try to express what you think or feel, such as, “I am concerned about your drinking.”
  • Provide facts. Some people find it helpful just to have more information.
  • Try to avoid labels such as “alcoholic.”
  • You could start the conversation with: “I want to share some things I’ve learned about how alcohol affects the health of older adults” or “If you ever think about making a change, I’ve heard of some tools that can help.”
  • Ask if you can join in on a doctor or counselor appointment.

Step 2: Offer your help

  • Suggest activities that don’t include drinking alcohol.
  • Point the person toward helpful resources and tools, such as those found at Rethinking Drinking.
  • Encourage counseling or attending a group meeting. Offer to drive the person to and from these meetings.
  • Keep in mind that overcoming alcohol use disorder is an ongoing process that may include setbacks.
  • Be supportive during treatment, such as joining the person for family or group counseling meetings or just listening and being patient.

Step 3: Take care of yourself

  • Caring for someone with alcohol misuse or use disorder can be stressful. It may help to seek support from friends, family, community, or counseling groups.
  • Involve other family members or friends so you are not in this alone. Talk honestly about how you are feeling. Ask for the support or help you need.
  • Try going to counseling or special meetings that offer support to families and friends of people with alcohol use disorders. There may be programs at your local hospital or clinic. For example, Al-Anon is a support group for friends and family of people with a drinking problem. Find a meeting near you by calling 888-425-2666.
  • If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety or depression, think about seeking professional help for yourself.

For more information about help for alcohol problems

Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and Your Health
www.rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism                                                                         
National Institutes of Health
888-696-4222
niaaaweb-r@exchange.nih.gov
www.niaaa.nih.gov

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
877-726-4727
800-487-4889 (TTY)
samhsainfo@samhsa.hhs.gov
www.samhsa.gov

Alcoholics Anonymous
212-870-3400
www.aa.org

This content is provided by the NIH National Institute on Aging (NIA). NIA scientists and other experts review this content to ensure it is accurate and up to date.

nia.nih.gov

An official website of the National Institutes of Health