Many conditions and diseases cause dementia. Alzheimer's is the most common cause. Other causes include brain changes that lead to vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal disorders.
A type of dementia called FTD tends to strike before age 60 and stems from damage to the brain’s frontal lobe and temporal lobe. Learn more about FTD and brain changes from NIH.
Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) affect memory, thinking, and behavior. Learn about forms of VCID and modifiable risk factors.
Find articles, fact sheets, and other resources to help you and your family learn about vascular dementia and vascular cognitive impairment.
Read about mixed dementia, a combination of two or more types of dementia. For example, older adults with dementia may have Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia.
Read about types of FTD. One type involves changes in personality, behavior, and judgment. Primary progressive aphasia affects language and PSP affects movement.
What causes frontotemporal disorders? In most cases, we don’t know. In other cases, gene mutations lead to this early-onset brain disease. Learn more from NIH.
Find out how a doctor diagnoses frontotemporal dementia and related disorders. Get a list of medical centers where you can get an FTD diagnosis.
Possible symptoms of frontotemporal disorders include behavior problems, language symptoms like aphasia, emotional troubles, and movement changes.
Drugs, along with other therapies, can help treat the behavior, language, and movement symptoms of FTD. So far, there is no cure. Learn more from NIH.
Get advice on providing care for a person with frontotemporal dementia or similar disorder. Learn how to manage home, family, work, and long-term care issues.
Find websites, publications, videos, and other resources to help you and your family learn about the major types of frontotemporal disorders.
What is Lewy body dementia? What are the symptoms? How is it treated? Read about this progressive disease that is one of the most common causes of dementia.
Lewy body dementia is often misdiagnosed as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. See a doctor to find out what’s causing your symptoms and get the right treatment.
Getting help from family, friends, doctors, and other professionals ensures the best possible care and quality of life for a person with Lewy body dementia.
Family members who care for someone with Lewy body dementia can get support to maintain health and help doctors and others understand the disease.