Announcements

  • November 12, 2015

    The National Institute on Aging has been working to stimulate health disparities research related to aging. An opportunity is currently available for researchers interested in aging, stress, resilience, and health disparities. There are also exciting, new funding opportunities for Alzheimer’s Disease research that focuses on health disparities.

    In July of 2015, the Office of Special Populations successfully posted a Funding Opportunity Announcement for administrative supplements entitled Aging Research to Address Health Disparities. The announcement was intended to expand existing research in specific areas of interest to include development of new measures to facilitate research on the behavioral and social mechanisms leading to disparities in health; addition of sub-group analyses to existing studies; studies focused on racial, ethnic or gender disparities in stress-responses; and studies focused on racial or ethnic disparities in functional, physiologic, or metabolic outcomes across the life span and in old age.

    The administrative supplement supports the NIA’s health disparity goals of (1) understanding environmental and sociocultural factors and related behavioral and biological mechanisms that diminish health and reduce life expectancy for populations that experience health disparities, (2) developing strategies to increase life expectancy among aging adults and improve the health status of elders from underserved and disadvantaged populations, and (3) using research insights and advances to inform policy that reduces health disparities. The parent projects that were supported cover a broad range of research areas (see below).

    We look forward to learning of valuable findings that inform health disparities research related to aging!

    PI Name (Contact) Institution Parent Project Title
    Sun, Liou
    Board of Trustees of Southern Illinois University
    The Effects Of Early Life Nutritional And Hormonal Signals On Mammalian Aging (Health Disparities Admin Supplement)
    Fillingim, Roger B.
    Bradley, Laurence
    Goodin, Burel R.
    University of Florida Board of Trustees
    Ethnic Differences In Responses To Painful Stimuli
    Kasper, Judith
    Thorpe, Roland
    Johns Hopkins University
    Racial Disparities In Mobility Disability Among Older Men
    Mangione, Carol
    Paz, Sylvia
    University of California Los Angeles
    Center For Health Improvement Of Minority Elderly
    Kapteyn, Arie
    Barcellos, Silvia
    Carvalho, Leandro
    University of California Los Angeles
    Roybal Center For Health Decision Making And Financial Independence In Old Age
    Johnson, Sterling C.
    University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Wisconsin Registry For Alzheimer’s Prevention: Biomarkers For Preclinical Ad
    Wharton, Whitney
    Emory University
    Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Biomarkers: Effects Of Midlife Vascular Factors
    Small, Scott A.
    The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Determinants Of Racial Disparities In Alzheimer’s Disease
    Erlandson, Kristine Mace
    University of Colorado Denver
    Barriers And Facilitators To Exercise Maintenance
    Polivka, Barbara J.
    University of Louisville
    Asthma In Older Adults: Identifying Phenotypes And Factors Impacting Outcomes

     

    --Toccara Chamberlain, NIA Office of Special Populations

  • October 23, 2015

    The National Institute on Aging (NIA), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), is seeking exceptional candidates for the position of Health Scientist Administrator.   This position is located in the National Institute on Aging (NIA), Division of Neuroscience (DN), Behavioral and Systems Neuroscience Branch in Bethesda, MD. The Behavioral and Systems Neuroscience Branch focuses on research into the neural and psychological mechanisms underlying age-related changes in cognition, emotion, sensory and motor function, from the level of genes to the whole organism.  Research supported by this branch spans a wide range of approaches including genetic, molecular, cellular, biochemical, neurophysiological, behavioral neuroscientific, epidemiological, therapeutic, multimodal, and translational.

    Major Duties

    As a Health Scientist Administrator of the Sensory and Motor Disorders of Aging Program, you will:

    • Formulate, develop, and implement the scientific goals and activities of the Program
    • Formulate and recommend program goals and objectives for developing the resources needed to support the nation's potential to support research on aging;
    • Serve as a Health Scientist Administrator with scientific and administrative responsibility for the program to award and monitor grants and other funding mechanisms to support research goals of the aging research community;
    • Work across NIH, other federal agencies, and foundations to promote scientific research and discovery in areas related to this program; and
    • Attend study section review meetings for research applications assigned to the portfolio under purview.

    The scientific areas under the Sensory and Motor Disorders of Aging Program include:

    • Neural and psychological mechanisms underlying age-related changes in sensory and motor function from the level of genes to the whole organism, and epidemiological studies of populations
    • Studies of molecular, structural, and dynamic brain changes, including research on adaptation or plasticity, as well as interventions to maintain or gain motor or sensory function in older age
    • Mechanisms of normal aging and disease-related alterations in visual, auditory, somatosensory, vestibular, and chemosensory functions
    • Mechanisms of normal aging and disease-related alterations in proprioception, postural control, sensory motor integration, balance and movement disorders in aging, including Parkinson’s disease
    • The potential role of sensory and motor changes as predictors of age-related neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease

    Candidate Qualifications

    Applicants must possess an M.D. and/or Ph.D., or equivalent degree in the biomedical sciences, with broad experience in neurosciences, particularly sensory system neuroscience, motor system neuroscience, or biological psychology/behavioral neuroscience, and aging.

  • October 23, 2015

    The National Institute on Aging (NIA), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), is seeking exceptional candidates for the position of Health Scientist Administrator. This position is located in the Biological Resources Branch (BRB) and the Aging Physiology Branch (APB), in the Division of Aging Biology (DAB), National Institute on Aging. DAB is responsible for the planning, organization and direction of multidisciplinary programs of extramural research on the biology of aging and managing contract-supported resources for the research community. The incumbent in this position serves as the Program Director for grant portfolios in aging physiology (basic biology of aging of the kidney, liver, lung, and other internal organs) and in the development of novel animal models to study aging biology (from hydra to whales). The incumbent will also be required to take training to become a Contracting Officer’s Representative (COR) in order to assist with contracts that provide biological resources to the research community (e.g., aging rodent colonies, cell bank, tissue banks).

    Major Duties

    As a Health Scientist Administrator, the incumbent will:

    • Formulate, develop, and implement the scientific goals and activities of the Program
    • Formulate and recommend program goals and objectives for developing the resources needed to support the nation's potential to support research on aging;
    • Serve as a Health Scientist Administrator with scientific and administrative responsibility for the program to award and monitor grants and other funding mechanisms to support research goals of the aging research community;
    • Attend study section review meetings for research applications assigned to the portfolio under purview; and
    • Serve as alternate COR or COR on resource contracts, managing technical aspects of contracts and providing assistance to the research community using the resources.

    Candidate Qualifications

    Applicants must possess an M.D. and/or Ph.D., or equivalent degree in the biomedical sciences, with experience using mammalian laboratory animal models in cell biology, molecular biology, or animal physiology. Experience in gerontology (aging research) is desirable but not necessary. In addition, the incumbent must have demonstrated skill in interpersonal relationships and administration.

  • October 23, 2015

    The National Institute on Aging (NIA), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), is seeking exceptional candidates for the position of Health Scientist Administrator. This position is located in the National Institute on Aging (NIA), Division of Geriatrics and Clinical Gerontology (DGCG), Clinical Gerontology Branch in Bethesda, MD. The Clinical Gerontology Branch focuses on translational and clinically-related research on aging changes over the life span. Research emphases include:

    • Factors affecting development of multiple age-related conditions, and factors contributing to exceptionally healthy human aging
    • Identification and assessment of therapeutic targets for interventions to prevent or reverse adverse aging changes, and assessment of the effects of such interventions in humans
    • Translational human research to follow up findings from basic research on aging

    Major Duties:

    The major responsibilities of this position include:

    • Scientific program development, e.g., identifying areas for new initiatives (reviewing scientific literature, contact with grantees and professional societies, organizing research workshops, etc.)
    • Implementing research initiatives (writing Program Announcements and Requests for Applications, developing collaborations with other Institutes, and securing resources for these initiatives.)
    • Scientific administrative oversight and funding decisions regarding research grant applications and awards, and attending peer reviews and site visits.
    • Attend study section review meetings for research applications assigned to the portfolio under purview.
    • Communicating research results and needs for further research to professional societies, DHHS, and Congress.

    The scientific focus of the position will be on expanding and enhancing research to translate understanding of mechanisms affecting aging over the life span into research to identify and assess potential human interventions.

    Candidate Qualifications:

    Applicants must possess an M.D. and/or Ph.D., or equivalent degree in the biomedical sciences, and research experience. The ideal candidate will have experience in the planning, design, administration and analysis of clinical and translational research in aging and human biology, and skills in administration and communication.

  • October 15, 2015
    Dr. Angus Deaton

    The 2015 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences has been awarded to National Institute on Aging grantee Angus Deaton, Ph.D., of Princeton University, N.J.

    “The National Institute on Aging is proud to have supported Dr. Deaton’s work for more than 20 years,” said NIA Director Richard J. Hodes, M.D. “His work has examined how circumstances including income inequality and early childhood nutrition influence health and subjective well-being across the life course in the United States and around the world.”

    Deaton’s NIA funded research has focused on measuring poverty among the elderly in the US, the influence of income and inequality on health and mortality in high, middle, and low income countries, as well as the role of work in the decline of health at older ages. His more recent funded work focused on the measurement of subjective well-being, a self-reported quality of life measure. Dr. Deaton has examined the impact of the financial crisis on well-being in the United States as well as how subjective measures of wellbeing vary across people in different societal groups and in different countries. His funded research has been published in high-profile medical and economics journals such as PNAS, Lancet and the American Economic Review.

    Deaton has also received support from the Fogarty International Center at NIH.

    NIA congratulates Dr. Deaton on his outstanding contributions to health science.

  • September 24, 2015

    The ability to suppress inappropriate behavioral responses—known as cognitive inhibitory control—is essential for everyday living. The time required for the brain to inhibit a response is called the stop-signal reaction time. Certain conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, and even normal aging, can affect cognitive inhibitory control, resulting in a slower stop-signal reaction time.

    Basic studies are underway to help better understand the mechanisms behind this process, which may ultimately lead to new therapeutic targets for people with cognitive problems affecting stop signal reaction times. One new finding, reported online Sept. 14, 2015 in Nature Neuroscience, provides important new insights. Most research to date on cognitive inhibitory control and stop-signal reaction time has focused on the fronto-basal-ganglia circuit, a part of the brain that helps control movement. Now, researchers from the Laboratory of Behavioral Neuroscience at the National Institute on Aging at NIH and Johns Hopkins University provide new evidence that this cognitive function might also be controlled by the inhibition of neurons in another part of the brain, the basal forebrain, the bottom-front part of the brain typically associated with the wake and sleep states as well as with learning and memory. Changes in the basal forebrain have also been associated with age-related cognitive decline, as well as Alzheimer’s disease.

    In the study, investigators trained rats to respond to a sound, but to inhibit their response if the sound was immediately followed by a light signal. Researchers measured the rats’ stop-signal reaction times and recorded neuronal activity in the basal forebrain.

    Researchers found that the neurons in the basal forebrain of rats were silenced—not firing signals—immediately before cognitive inhibitory control. The faster the neurons were silenced, the shorter the stop-signal reaction time. This link was further established when scientists artificially silenced basal forebrain neurons and saw that the rats would no longer respond to sound even when there was no light signal. This suggests that basal forebrain neurons alone are powerful enough to exert cognitive inhibitory control over behavior in the rats.

    Reference: Mayse, J.D., et al., Basal Forebrain Neuronal Inhibition Enables Rapid Behavioral Stopping. Nature Neuroscience. E-pub Sept 14, 2015. doi: 10.1038/22.4110.

  • September 11, 2015

    On September 18, older adults will join the U.S. Surgeon General, the Director of the National Institute on Aging (NIA), fitness expert Donna Richardson, and leaders from a number of agencies and organizations for a fitness walk in the Nation’s capital. The event, which features the NIA Go4Life exercise and physical activity campaign and Step It Up! The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities, highlights the importance of exercise and physical activity for healthy aging.

    Who will be there?

    • VADM Vivek H. Murthy, M.D., M.B.A., U.S. Surgeon General, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
    • Richard J. Hodes, M.D., Director, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health
    • Nora Super, Executive Director, 2015 White House Conference on Aging
    • Donna Richardson, Member, President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition
    • Representatives from leading aging and health agencies and organizations
    • Older adults from the Washington metro area who are interested in healthy aging and physical activity.

    When and where will it take place? Friday, September 18, 2015. 12:45 p.m. arrival; walk starts promptly at 1:00 p.m. Beginning and ending at the Hubert H. Humphrey Building Plaza, 200 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, D.C.

    Note: In case of rain, the event will be held at the South Interior Building Auditorium, 1951 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C. NIA will notify organizations by e-mail and place an announcement on its website by 10 a.m. on September 18, should a decision be made that the event will move indoors to the Interior Department site.

    Go 4 Life Month, September 2015. In collaboration with The White House Conference on Aging.

  • September 4, 2015

    Get up to speed on the latest in Alzheimer’s and dementia.

    Learn what you need to know to inform, educate, and empower
    community members, people with dementia, and family caregivers.

    The National Institute on Aging at NIH (NIA), Administration for Community Living (ACL), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are pleased to invite you to join the 4th annual free webinar series on Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias for professionals in the public health, aging services, and research networks.

    Free continuing education credit is available (CNE, CEU, and CECH)!

    TO REGISTER for each webinar, go to nih.webex.com and enter the event number listed below for that webinar.

    Webinar 1 - September 2015:
    Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Resources You Can Use

    Tuesday, September 22, 2:00-3:30 pm ET

    Presentation slide deck for Webinar 1 (15.9MB)

    Recording of Webinar 1  (slides and audio - please note that the audio begins at the 3:15 mark
    Transcript of recording

    Take a quick tour of the latest resource information on Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias, including:

    • What's new with the Federal Government's National Alzheimer’s Plan
    • Updates on information and support resources
      • for consumers and families
      • for caregivers
      • for service providers and other professionals
    • New resources on brain health and research participation

    Presenters:

    • Ruth Drew, MS, Director of Family and Information Services, Alzheimer’s Association
    • Jennifer Watson, MA, Senior Public Affairs Specialist, NIA
    • Amy Wiatr-Rodriguez, MSW, Aging Services Program Specialist, ACL

    Webinar 2 - October 2015:
    What’s Happening in Alzheimer’s Research?

    Wednesday, October 21, 2:00-3:30 pm ET

    Presentation slide deck for Webinar 2 (19.2MB)

    Recording of Webinar 2 (slides and audio)
    Transcript of recording

    Get an overview of current Alzheimer’s research directions and studies, presented by leaders in the field. Learn about:

    • The research plan to cure, treat or prevent Alzheimer’s and related dementias by 2025
    • Engaging participants in studies through the Brain Health Registry
    • Investigating how exercise and diet affect dementia risk
    • Using technology to monitor, manage and study dementia and novel, early predictors of risk

    Presenters:

    • Suzana Petanceska, PhD, Program Officer, Division of Neuroscience, NIA
    • Michael Weiner, MD, Professor in Residence in Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Medicine, Psychiatry, and Neurology, University of California San Francisco
    • Laura Baker, PhD, Associate Professor in Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Wake Forest University
    • Martha Clare Morris, ScD, Director, Section of Nutrition & Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University
    • Jeffrey Kaye, MD, Director, Layton Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Center, Oregon Health & Science University

    Webinar 3 - November 2015:
    Caregivers Supporting People with Dementia: New Research and Technology

    Tuesday, November 17, 2:00-3:30 pm ET

    Presentation slide deck for Webinar 3 (11.6MB)

    To register: go to nih.webex.com, enter event # 623 017 900

    Learn more about dementia caregivers and the latest in tools and strategies to support them, including:

    • How the experiences of caregivers for people with dementia differ from those who care for people with other conditions
    • Innovative resources, including care planning tools and new technologies
    • New directions in respite-related research

    Presenters:

    • Moderator: Erin Long, MSW, Aging Services Program Specialist, ACL
    • Darby Morhardt, PhD, LCSW, Research Associate Professor in Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center, Northwestern University
    • Alicia Blater, MS, Family Caregiver Support Program Consultant, Lifespan Respite Project Director, North Carolina Division of Aging and Adult Services
    • Jill Kagan, MPH, Program Director, ARCH National Respite Network and Resource Center
    • Carol Farran, PhD, Professor, Rush University Medical Center/Rush College of Nursing
  • September 1, 2015

    Being obese or overweight in middle age has been linked to increased risk of dementia. To learn more, researchers at the National Institute on Aging, part of the NIH, further explored the relationship between weight at midlife and Alzheimer’s among volunteers participating in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA), one of the longest running studies of human aging in North America. They found that being obese or overweight at midlife—as measured by body mass index (BMI) at age 50—may predict earlier age of onset of the devastating neurodegenerative disorder. The study, led by Madhav Thambisetty, M.D., Ph.D., will appear online Sept. 1, 2015, in Molecular Psychiatry.

    Cognitively healthy at the start of the nearly 14-year study, each of the 1,394 BLSA participants received cognitive testing every one to two years; 142 volunteers eventually developed Alzheimer’s disease. The investigators found:

    • Each unit increase in BMI at age 50 accelerated onset by nearly 7 months in those who developed Alzheimer’s disease.
    • Higher midlife BMI was associated with greater levels of neurofibrillary tangles—a hallmark of the disease—in the brains of 191 volunteers, including those who did not develop Alzheimer’s.
    • Among 75 cognitively healthy volunteers who had brain imaging to detect amyloid, a protein whose fragments make up the brain plaques that are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s, those with higher midlife BMI had more amyloid deposits in the precuneus, a brain region that often shows the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s-related changes.

    More study is needed to determine the relationship behind BMI at midlife and Alzheimer’s onset. The findings suggest, however, that maintaining a healthy BMI at midlife might be considered as one way to delay the onset of Alzheimer’s.

    Reference: Chuang, Y-F, et al., Midlife adiposity predicts earlier onset of Alzheimer’s dementia, neuropathology and presymptomatic cerebral amyloid accumulation. Published online Sept. 1, 2015 in Molecular Psychiatry.

  • August 28, 2015

    The brains of people who live to age 90 and older—the oldest-old—usually have a mix of pathologies associated with dementia. Alzheimer’s disease-related brain changes are the most common, but other pathologies often found at autopsy include infarcts, Lewy bodies, hippocampal sclerosis, and white-matter disease. For the first time, researchers examined the relationship between the number of pathologies found at autopsy and the severity of dementia in the oldest-old. They found the more pathologies present in the brain, the more severe the dementia, and that Alzheimer’s pathology alone was less damaging to cognition than mixed pathologies.

    The study led by Claudia Kawas, M.D., and Maria M. Corrada, Sc.D., University of California, Irvine, involved 183 volunteers in The 90+ Study, one of the largest studies tracking the well-being of the oldest-old in the world. The participants, 70 percent of whom were women, received physical and cognitive testing every 6 months. When they died at an average age of 97, about 54 percent were diagnosed with dementia. Their donated brains were examined for eight different cerebral pathologies.

    The investigators found:

    • Alzheimer’s pathology alone was less likely to result in dementia. Alzheimer’s was found in about the same number of people with dementia (28 percent) and those without symptoms (23 percent).
    • Mixed pathologies, however, increased risk for dementia; they were found in 45 percent of those with dementia and in 14 percent of symptom-free volunteers.
    • Non-Alzheimer’s disease pathologies appeared more likely to result in dementia. People with a single non-Alzheimer’s pathology were 12 times more likely to have dementia than those with no pathology. In contrast, those with Alzheimer’s pathology were 3 times more likely to have dementia than those with no pathology.
    • Dementia prevalence increased with the number of pathologies found in the brain, from 22 percent in people with no pathologies to 95 percent of those with 3 or more pathologies.
    • Dementia severity also increased in direct proportion to the number of pathologies found in the brain. For example, people with mixed pathologies, such as Alzheimer’s hippocampal sclerosis and white-matter disease, had more severe symptoms than those who only had Alzheimer’s pathology.

    Reference: Kawas, C.H., et al. Multiple pathologies are common and related to dementia in the oldest-old: the 90+ Study. Neurology. Epub 2015 Jul 15, 2015.

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