Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

Vascular Dementia: A Resource List

Vascular dementia, considered the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease, results from interrupted blood flow to the brain, often after a stroke or series of strokes. The symptoms can be similar to those of Alzheimer’s, and both conditions can occur at the same time. Caregivers of people with vascular dementia, which includes a common type called multi-infarct dementia, face a variety of challenges. Learning more about the disease can help. This resource list is a place to start.

Many items on the list are available online for free. Others must be purchased. To purchase an item, please contact the organization listed in the "available from" section of the description to confirm current price and payment information. Items may also be sold by retail and online booksellers.

Vascular Dementia (undated)

This brief online fact sheet defines vascular dementia and two of its major types—post-stroke dementia, which develops after a single major stroke, and multi-infarct dementia, which occurs after a series of very small strokes. It lists symptoms, such as difficulty concentrating and sudden weakness, and discusses treatment and prevention.

Available from the Alzheimer's Association. Call (800) 272-3900 or e-mail Free online access at

Vascular Dementia (2009, 9 pages)

This Web module offers an overview of vascular dementia. It discusses the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of vascular dementia; advises readers on how to prepare for a doctor’s appointment; and describes diagnostic tests, medications, and coping mechanisms for patients and caregivers.

Available from Contact customer service online at Free online access at

Vascular Dementia (undated, 5 pages)

An overview of vascular dementia is presented in an online article. Symptoms and their progression are described and distinguished from those of Alzheimer’s disease. The article discusses the components of an evaluation and how vascular dementia compares with other memory disorders.

Available from the University of California, San Francisco, Memory and Aging Center. (415) 476-6880. Free online access at

Vascular Dementia (undated)

This fact sheet briefly describes vascular dementia as impaired thinking and memory loss caused by one or more strokes. It discusses causes, risk factors for stroke, symptoms, diagnosis, and prognosis and treatment.

Available from the Michigan Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center. Call (734) 936-8764 or e-mail Free online access at

Caregiver’s Journey: Dealing With the Aspects of Dementia (2009, 88 pages)

The author of this book, Gertrude Payton, shares her experiences with her husband Mack, who died in 2007 after many years of living with vascular dementia. In Part I, Payton describes her personal struggles, stress, and the support she needed to care for a loved one with dementia. Part II describes how she coped with her responsibilities as a caregiver.

Available from Xlibris Corp. $24.99 (hardcover); $15.99 (paperback). Call (888) 795-4274 or e-mail

Mayo Clinic Guide to Alzheimer’s Disease: The Essential Resource for Treatment, Coping, and Caregiving (2006, 350 pages)

This guide is designed to help consumers understand dementia. Much of the book addresses Alzheimer’s disease, but Part 3 focuses on other types of dementia. The chapter on vascular cognitive impairment provides an overview of the condition and discusses the disease process, signs and symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A 100-plus-page “action guide for caregivers” is included.

Available from the Mayo Clinic Health Solutions Bookstore. $29.95. Call (800) 291-1128 or e-mail

Mixed Dementia (undated)

This fact sheet briefly discusses mixed dementia, a condition in which Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia occur at the same time. It describes symptoms and treatment, as well as the importance of controlling risk factors to prevent the condition.

Available from the Alzheimer's Association. Call (800) 272-3900 or e-mail Free online access at

Multi-Infarct Dementia (2008)

Multi-infarct dementia, a common form of vascular dementia, occurs when many areas of the brain are injured due to lack of blood. This fact sheet lists risk factors and symptoms and discusses complications and prevention.

Available from the National Library of Medicine. Call (888) 346-3656 or e-mail Free online access at

Multi-Infarct Dementia Information Page (2009)

This Web page provides an overview of multi-infarct dementia, including its symptoms, treatment, prognosis, and related research. It describes the difficulty of making a firm diagnosis and the importance of stroke prevention. The Web page includes links to the National Institutes of Health’s patient recruitment site and to Web sites that list clinical trials for neurological conditions and stroke.

Available from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Call (800) 352-9424; TTY (301) 468-5981. Free online access at

Vascular Cognitive Impairment: 5 Ways to Lower Your Risk (2009, 2 pages)

In Mind, Mood, and Memory. 2009 June;5(6):1, 7.

This article, in a newsletter from Massachusetts General Hospital, features research-based information and advice about vascular cognitive impairment. It explains five strategies that can help prevent the condition: management of medical conditions that negatively affect the cardiovascular system, exercise, not smoking, adequate levels of B vitamins, and prevention of metabolic syndrome.

Available from Massachusetts General Hospital. Call (866) 848-2412 or e-mail Single copies of back issues are $5 each.

What Is Vascular Dementia? (2008)

Vascular dementia, the second most common form of dementia, results from conditions, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, that can damage blood vessels in the brain, according to this online fact sheet. It also explains the forms of the disease and its risk factors, how to obtain a diagnosis, and possible ways to stop the disease from progressing.

Available from the Alzheimer’s Society, London. E-mail Free online access at

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