On August 2, 2008, the National Institute on Aging (NIA) Division of Behavioral and Social Research (BSR) convened a discussion of research, data, and training needs in the area of sociology research relevant to the NIA. The gathering was timed to coincide with the 103rd annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in Boston. This document summarizes points made during the presentations and discussion. There was no attempt to define a consensus. The agenda is included as appendix I.