The Fiscal Year 2006 budget request for the NIA is $1,057,203,000, an increase of $5,213,000 and 0.5% over the FY 2005 Appropriation. Also included in the FY 2006 request, is NIA's support for the trans-NIH Roadmap initiatives, estimated at 0.89% of the FY 2006 budget request. This Roadmap funding is distributed through the mechanisms of support, consistent with the anticipated funding for the Roadmap initiatives. A full description of this trans-NIH program may be found in the NIH Overview. NIA is participating in the NIH Neuroscience Blueprint. The Fiscal Year 2006 request includes $1,400,000 for a variety of Neuroscience Blueprint initiatives, including neuroscience cores, training initiative, and the Neuromouse project.
A five-year history of FTEs and Funding Levels for NIA are shown in the graphs below:
NIH's highest priority is the funding of medical research through research project grants (RPGs). Support for RPGs allows NIH to sustain the scientific momentum of investigator-initiated research while pursuing new research opportunities.The average cost of competing RPGs will be $400,000 in FY2006. While no inflationary increases are provided for direct, recurring costs in noncompeting RPG's, where the NIA has committed to a programmatic increase in an award, such increases will be provided.
Advancement in medical research is dependent on attracting, training, and retaining the best and the brightest individuals to pursue careers in biomedical and behavioral research. In the FY2006 request, most stipend levels for individuals supported by the Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards are maintained at the FY2005 levels. To help prevent the potential attrition of our next generation of highly trained postdoctoral trainees, stipend levels for postdocs with 1–2 years of experience are increased by 4.0%. This will bring these stipends closer to the goal NIH established for postdoc stipends in March, 2000. In addition, individual postdoctoral fellows will receive an increase of $500 in their institutional allowance for rising health benefit costs. The need for increased health benefits is particularly acute for these postdoctoral trainees, who, because of their age and stage of life are more likely to have family responsibilities. The increases in stipends and health insurance are financed within the FY2006 request by reducing the number of Full-Time Training Positions, because NIH believes that it is important to properly support and adequately compensate those who are participating in these training programs, so that the programs can continue to attract and retain the trainees most likely to pursue careers in biomedical, behavioral and clinical research.NIA will support 541 pre- and postdoctoral trainees in full-time training positions.
The Fiscal Year 2006 request includes funding for 76 research centers, 236 other research grants, including 206 clinical career awards, and 133 R&D contracts. Intramural Research will receive a 1% increase and Research Management and Support will receive an increase of 0.5 percent, the same as the NIH total increase.
The mechanism distribution by dollars and percent change are displayed below: