Symptoms

Falls may be sign of future Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive decline

Cognitively normal older adults with evidence of early brain changes typical of Alzheimer’s disease fell more often than did their peers without these brain changes, a new study reported online in Neurology. The results suggest that declines in mobility may precede the symptoms of cognitive decline found in Alzheimer’s disease.

Understanding Memory Loss

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What’s the difference between mild forgetfulness and more serious memory problems? Find out about memory problems, including Alzheimer's disease and dementia, and how to get help for serious memory loss.

Understanding Alzheimer's Disease

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Learn about Alzheimer's, a brain disease that causes memory loss and other symptoms. Find out when to see the doctor and what treatments are available.

Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults

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How can the primary care physician assess cognitive impairment in older adults? Learn about the benefits of early screening, screening tools & more.

NIH-supported clinical trial finds antidepressant reduces Alzheimer’s agitation

NIH-funded researchers are testing interventions to alleviate psychiatric conditions and symptoms, such as agitation, that distress people with Alzheimer’s and their caregivers. The goal is to identify treatments that are safer and more effective than the currently available antipsychotic drugs that are linked to increased risk for stroke and excessive sedation. Agitation, a syndrome that includes anxious, disruptive, or aggressive behavior, is common in the later stages of dementia and often leads to placing a loved one in residential care.

The Dementias

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Get an overview of dementia, including its many types, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and research in this publication from NIH.

Latest NIH Alzheimer’s research progress report available

A new online report from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) highlights recent progress in NIH-supported Alzheimer’s disease research.

Prepared annually by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at NIH, the latest report -- 2011-2012 Alzheimer’s Disease Progress Report: Intensifying the Research Effort -- describes new investments and summarizes research in several areas:

Communication and Behavior Problems: Resources for Alzheimer's Caregivers

Improve communication skills and manage sundowning and other behaviors with these resources for Alzheimer’s caregivers.

Part 2: What Happens to the Brain in AD

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The Hallmarks of AD

Alzheimer’s disease disrupts critical metabolic processes that keep neurons healthy. These disruptions cause nerve cells in the brain to stop working, lose connections with other nerve cells, and finally die. The destruction and death of nerve cells causes the memory failure, personality changes, problems in carrying out daily activities, and other features of the disease.

Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet

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Get the facts about Alzheimer’s disease, the most common cause of dementia in older adults. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, caregiving.

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