On February 17, 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) was signed into Public Law 111-5. The ARRA legislation provides the National Institutes of Health (NIH) with a total of $10.4 billion over two years - through September 2010 - and these funds are not part of the annual base. Of these funds, $8.2 billion will be awarded in extramural funding to help stimulate the United States economy through the support and advancement of scientific research. The NIH Institutes and Centers have been given broad flexibility to invest in many types of grant programs to stimulate the economy, create or retain jobs, and have the potential for making scientific progress in two years. On April 27, the first round of ARRA applications were received as part of the NIH Challenge Grants Program. The Challenge Grants are just one of many funding opportunities announced by NIH. These opportunities and ARRA progress updates are available at:
NIA programs and news of the Recovery Act 
HHS Overview of the Recovery Act 
Implementing the Recovery Act 
Learn more about NIH programs that issue grants under the Recovery Act 
The ARRA also provides funds to the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) to support extramural construction, repairs, and alterations, and for shared instrumentation and other capital equipment. NIH was also provided $400 million in funding to conduct comparative effectiveness research.
(For more information, contact Dr. Tamara Jones, NIA Legislative Point of Contact, Ph. 301-451-8835.)