Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

Thinking, Walking Outcomes by Type of Exercise

Thinking, Walking Outcomes by Type of Exercise

Overall Status: 
No longer recruiting
Brief Description: 

The investigators want to determine if participation in exercise programs will improve walking and thinking abilities in older adults. Two different exercise treatments for walking problems will be compared.

Patient Qualifications: 
Min AgeMax AgeGenderHealthy Volunteers
65 Years
N/A
Both
Yes
Inclusion Criteria: 

  • Slow gait speed (less than or equal to 1.0 m/s and greater than or equal to 0.6 m/s)
  • Slow cognitive processing
  • Medical clearance from primary physician for participation in exercise

Exclusion Criteria: 

  • Dementia or mild cognitive impairment
  • Pain while walking that limits walking
  • Active medical conditions that are not controlled or managed

Detailed Description: 

This Phase II trial will compare two different exercise treatments for walking problems to determine if participation will improve walking and thinking abilities in older adults. The experimental group will participate in a motor skill gait exercise, a task-oriented approach that involves goal-directed stepping and walking patterns to facilitate the use of appropriate muscles at the appropriate times relative to body position during walking. Treadmill-assisted walking in brief intervals of small increased speed walking interspersed with usual walking speed are performed to induce the automatic rhythm and timing of gait.

The comparison group will participate in an aerobic gait intervention approach, which involves treadmill and overground walking, with gradual increases in the distance walked and speed of walking. The exercise approach provides walking practice, including on the treadmill, to facilitate the timing of stepping during gait, while also facilitating a fitness or conditioning response and endurance for walking activities.

In both groups, the exercise sessions last about 60 minutes, two or three times a week for 12 weeks, for a total of 30 to 36 sessions.

Locations: 
Map Marker CityStateZip CodePrimary Contact

Geolocation is 40.4424402, -79.9531948

University of Pittsburgh, Department of Physical Therapy
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
15260
Jessie M. VanSwearingen
412-383-6634
jessievs@pitt.edu
Lead Sponsor: 
Agency
University of Pittsburgh
Collaborator Sponsor: 
Agency
National Institute on Aging
Facility Investigators: 
NameRoleAffiliation
Jessie M. VanSwearingen, PhD, PT
Principal Investigator
University of Pittsburgh, Department of Physical Therapy
Study Contact: 
NamePhoneEmail
Jessie M. VanSwearingen, PhD, PT
412-383-6634
Victoria Hornyak
412-624-1026
Locations
 
 
ClinicalTrials.gov ID 
NCT01635348 (follow link to view full record on ct.gov in new window)
Official Title: 
Benefits of Two Types of Therapeutic Exercise on Gait and Cognition
Study Start Date: 
January 2011
Study End Date: 
August 2013
Enrollment: 
24