Sponsored by NIA. The purpose of this meeting was to help NIA identify the most promising research opportunities related to macroeconomics and aging. Participants reviewed population aging in a global context, the size of the 60 and 80 populations, the health of the elderly, and variations across countries. It is likely that the links between population aging and macroeconomics are mediated by the institutional context (retirement policy and pension and health care systems) and the economic context (degree of integration into regional and global economies). Issues for theoretical and empirical research include: (1) Demographic forecasting; (2) Savings, investment, and finance; (3) Labor, human capital, and migration; (4) Changes in sectoral structure; (5) Public and private financing of pensions and healthcare; and (6) Economic growth.